Clematis integrifolia is a flowering perennial for sun. It blooms from early to mid-summer in Seattle. The word Clematis is taken from the Greek word for climbing plants. Integrifolia means entire-leaf. Botanically speaking, an entire leaf has a smooth edge, is not toothed. This Clematis is not a vine. It has stems of maybe 18 inches long that don't cling. The stems are floppy & will cascade over a low wall, lie flat on the ground, or prop themselves against other plants. Each stem bears several flowers. The number of stems increase as the plant matures. The usual flower color is blue, but 'Hanajima' is pink. Flowers are simple & charming, each with 4 petals. The plant is not drought tolerant, but doesn't need a lot of water. Plant them among other perennials, but don't allow them to become shaded. Clematis integrifolia is native to Italy, the Balkans, Eastern Europe, the Caucasus, Siberia & Central Asia.
Mole Hill Community Housing Society occupies the block bounded by Comox, Pendrell, Bute & Thurlow Streets, adjacent to Nelson Park in Vancouver’s West End. The Mole Hill Community Housing Society provides affordable housing for low & middle income people in houses dating back to the late Victorian era. Mole Hill is the highest point in the West End & is named after Henry and Elizabeth Mole, original settlers to the area. The City of Vancouver started buying properties around Mole Hill in the 1950s. Those houses were razed to create Nelson Park. The houses of Mole Hill were to be the next stage of the park’s creation. Friends of Mole Hill was formed by Vancouver citizen activists in response. They were successful in preserving these houses & having them converted to affordable apartments. The work was done between 1999 & 2003. Mole Hill Community Housing is a very pleasing urban landscape: vintage houses combined with attractive landscaping. While Nelson Park is not particularly interesting, a community garden is located there. This community is very near Davie Street in Davie Village, filled with shops & restaurants.
Erigeron glaucus is a very flowerful & easy plant to grow in dry sun. It blooms continuously through the summer, with the largest number of flowers coming in June. Bloom can start in April & end in October. Bees love it. The normal flower color is blue-lavender. 'Sea Breeze' has pink flowers & seems to be the form most commonly sold in Seattle. The plant is low & spreading, not more than one foot high & up to 3 feet wide. It looks nice cascading over rocks & walls. It is drought tolerant, but can't do entirely without water during the summer. Water regularly, but not heavily, or more than once a week. The stems of this plant & sometimes also the leaves survive the winter. Don't cut it back to the base, just remove the obviously dead parts, mostly the flower heads. It is native to the California & Oregon coasts, where it grows on bluffs, sand dunes & beaches.
Oxalis oregana (Redwood Sorrel) Jedediah Smith Redwoods State Park in April 2014
Jedediah Smith Redwoods State Park is located in northern California near Crescent City. It is one of several parks in the area designed to preserve redwood trees & their ecosystem, which stretches from northern California to the Alaskan panhandle with minor variations. The understory plants found here are the same as those in the forests near Portland OR, Seattle, or Vancouver BC. Jedediah Smith Redwoods State Park is very accessible from the coast highway. Stout Grove is a short hike from a small parking area. It is not nearly as crowded with people as some of the other redwood groves in the area. The trees are very impressive. Jedediah Strong Smith led the first American explorers to pass through this area in 1828. Frank Stout was the lumber baron who owned this land. His family donated the parcel that established this park in 1929. The park now covers more than 10,000 acres. It is part of the California Coast RangesInternational Biosphere Reserve. The Smith River, which flows through the park, is the only major undammed river in California.
Brunnera macrophylla 'Jack Frost' is a very attractive perennial for shade. The heart-shaped leaves are mostly a silvery-white, but with green veins. It's eye-catching. I think it's not gaudy, but probably too bright for some. The small, bright-blue flowers come in May. They are pretty, but bloom is usually not very dense. The plant forms a mound about 2 feet wide fairly quickly, but does not seem to exceed that. When in flower, it reaches 2 feet tall. It disappears in winter. Brunnera macrophylla is native to the Caucasus, Georgia & Turkey in forests & on grassy slopes. The common name is Siberian Bugloss. Brunnera macrophylla is better in part shade than deep shade. It needs moderate water in summer & tolerates some wetness in winter. Use it in a shaded perennial border, or between shrubs under trees.
There is a lot to see at VanDusen Botanical Garden in Vancouver BC. It's a more traditional botanical garden than the UBC Botanical Garden in Vancouver, or the Washington Park Arboretum in Seattle, which are more forested & informal. VanDusen Botanical Garden reminds me of botanical gardens in New York & London. The RHS Garden at Wisley comes to mind. There is a beautiful visitor center, plant collections from Asia, the southern hemisphere including Chile, Australia & New Zealand, the Mediterranean, eastern North America, redwoods & other conifers including members of the cypress family, also lindens, maples, ashes, mountain ashes & rhododendrons. The diversity of plants is quite amazing. The are also interesting features including 5 lakes, a meditation garden, an Elizabethan maze, a tiny farm with vegetables, bees & medicinal plants. a formal rose garden, a rock garden, a fragrance garden & even more. It's really quite a beautiful, diverse & interesting place, well worth a visit when you are in Vancouver. The garden opened in 1975 & has had plenty of time to grow impressively. It covers 55 acres (22 hectares) & is open every day of the year, except Christmas Day.
Geranium phaeum makes a great background plant & filler of space in lightly shaded areas. It is fairly tolerant of dryness. It's a pretty plant with a profusion of dark blue, purple or black flowers in April & May. Black flowers suggest the common name Mourning Widow. Geranium phaeum is taller than most species. It grows to a height of nearly 2 feet when in flower. The flower spikes with seed pods are also attractive. There is no need to cut them back after bloom has faded. The leaves are pleasing in form. Some have nice purple blotches, like the cultivar 'Samobor'. Geranium phaeum is native to Europe in the Pyrenees & Alps in subalpine meadows & forests. This is a good candidate for dry, light shade.
Wood-fired pizza oven with the Treehouse building in the background
Kitchen. These photos were taken in October 2014
Green Plate Special introduces middle school students to gardening & cooking fresh produce through after-school programs, summer camps & evening cooking classes. Food growing & cooking are tied to academic subjects like math, science & history. They provide snacks & lunch! Students can take home food they have cooked & produce from the garden. Chickens are also kept here. There are various opportunities for volunteers, such as helping out at the Garden Gala in September, working with the kids, maintaining the garden & tending the chickens. I went to a Garden Gala & it was a lot of fun. It's a wonderful space. Green Plate Special was founded in 2011 & moved to this space nextdoor to Treehouse in 2013. It is located in the Rainier Valley of Seattle.
Physic Garden. All photos were taken in August 2014.
The UBC Botanical Garden is a charming place to visit at any time of year. The garden was established in 1916 at the University of British Columbia. Plants of every type cover the garden more than 100 years later. The David C Lam Asian Garden is forested with Asian trees. Quite large Rhododendron of many species expand beneath them. Areas near this garden are also forested with species of Acer, Cornus, Magnolia, Sorbus & the family Styracacia from North America & Asia. The Greenheart TreeWalk is suspended between the trunks of tall BC native evergreen trees. The E H Lohbrunner Alpine Garden, with many small shrubs & rather few trees, is a stark contrast. Xeric plants from around the world live here. A pedestrian tunnel leads from the shaded forest to this sun-drenched part of the botanical garden, Here you will also find a physic (medicinal) garden laid out in a formal pattern of concentric circles. The entire botanical garden covers 110 acres. Allow at least an hour to walk its many paths.
South Slough National Estuarine Research Reserve in April 2014
The South Slough National Estuarine Research Reserve is a very rewarding stop along the Oregon Coast near Coos Bay. It features hiking trails through lush & beautiful native forest, along rushing streams, down moist ravines that are filled in spring with blooming plants including Trillium ovatum(Western Wakerobin) & great masses of Lysichiton americanus (American Skunk Cabbage). Before long, you reach boardwalks that lead out through the grasses that fill the edges & fingers of the slough. It feels like quite a journey, yet takes little time. The reserve supports informed management of the Coos estuary & provides a model for coastal management everywhere. There are 5,000 acres in the natural area located here. The reserve was created in 1974 as the first unit of the National Estuarine Research Reserve System, a network of estuarine habitats established by Congress in 1972 as part of the Coastal Zone Management Act. You can visit the interpretive center here & walk on a number of different trails.
I've stayed in Portland about a dozen times. I love the urban landscape. It's particularly interesting in the Pearl District, where old warehouses mix with modern residential buildings. The Pearl District has changed since it was rezoned from industrial to mixed use in the mid-1980s. There are restaurants, shops & parks. Tanner Springs Park is wonderful. Powell's City of Books is a huge bookstore at the downtown edge of the district on W Burnside Street. The Pearl District lies between downtown & the Alphabet District. It's easy to walk between these areas. The Portland Streetcar runs between them. I don't always go downtown. But I do always visit the Pearl District.
This blog was started in 2008 as Metropolitan Gardens to provide information about gardening in Seattle & the Pacific Northwest. It was later expanded to include information about parks, community gardens & public gardens in the US, Canada, Europe & South Africa. These can be found by clicking on Parks P-Patches Public Gardens. Natural areas in the US & South Africa can be found by clicking on Nature. The primary focus has always been on Seattle. However, many posts are based on photos taken while traveling. Please feel free to use the basic gardening information & plant lists found by clicking on Gardening in Cascadia. There are also posts on Urban Landscape, which is primarily architecture. Comments are welcome. Posts are scheduled on the 1st Friday of each month October-March & twice a month April-September. Seattle Urban Landscape offers garden design & consultation at very reasonable rates in Seattle, & garden design by email in other areas. Contact Jordan at email@example.com
The city of Seattle rests between 2 bodies of water: Puget Sound & Lake Washington. Puget Sound is a substantial part of the Salish Sea & a very small part of the Pacific Ocean. The Salish Sea is set apart from the Pacific by the Olympic Peninsula in the state of Washington & Vancouver Island in the province of British Columbia. The dense, wet clouds of the Pacific Ocean travel as far as the Cascade Mountains, near the Salish Sea & not very far from the ocean. East of the Cascades lies the desert of the Columbia Basin. The moist, temperate climate of Seattle extends south to northern California & north to southeastern Alaska. The Pacific Northwest Coast from San Francisco Bay to Cook Inlet shares a flora dominated by evergreen coniferous forest. The central portion, west of the Cascade Mountains, is called Cascadia. The climate is cool & wet from fall to spring, warm & dry in summer. The Olympic Mountains block Seattle from much of the Pacific rainfall. Seattle is drier than the Atlantic coast of North America & northern Europe, cooler in summer & warmer in winter. It lies near the latitude of Paris & Quebec City.